Budget Overview

All totals in $Millions 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20

Status Quo

Budgetary Revenues $294,500 $307,600 $318,600 $332,800 $347,900
Program Expenditures $263,900 $273,000 $281,300 $292,200 $299,600
Public Debt Charges $28,700 $30,400 $32,300 $33,800 $35,200
Budgetary Balance (Deficit) $1,900 $4,200 $5,000 $6,800 $13,100

Green Party Initiatives

Personal Tax Changes $4,472 $4,556 $4,642 $4,728 $4,815
Revenue Increases $34,899 $37,885 $37,913 $37,966 $38,040
Spending Increases $38,895 $42,010 $42,077 $42,498 $42,723
Green Party lowers deficit over status quo by $476 $431 $478 $196 $133

Percent of GDP (including green measures)

Budgetary Revenues 14.7% 14.9% 15.0% 15.2% 15.5%
Program Expenditures 13.2% 13.2% 13.2% 13.4% 13.3%
Public Debt Charges 1.4% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.6%
Budgetary Balance 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.6%
Federal Debt (Debt to GDP Ratio) 30.6% 29.5% 28.4% 27.3% 26.0%

GPC Budget Detail

Personal Tax Changes 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Eliminate Income Splitting for all but pensioners $2,200 $2,244 $2,289 $2,335 $2,381
Income splitting is only maintained for pensioners.
Eliminate personal income tax below the low income cut-off of 20,000 -$440 -$400 -$359 -$319 -$278
Eliminate personal income taxes below the low-income cut-off (LICO) of $20,000. Those making under $20,000 will gain a special tax exemption that will gradually phase out on incomes between $18,000 and $22,000 so as not to create a tax wall at $20,000. The “Basic Personal Amount” is not altered so that it is only those making under the LICO that qualify.
Eliminate Boutique Tax Credits for Children's Fitness and Art $175 $175 $175 $175 $175
Eliminate the boutique tax credits and use savings to fund programs.
Tax on inheritances valued at $1M and over $937 $937 $937 $937 $937
Cancel student tax credit $1,600 $1,600 $1,600 $1,600 $1,600
In tandem with free tuition.
Total $4,472 $4,556 $4,642 $4,728 $4,815
Revenue Increases 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Carbon Fee $22,266 $22,452 $22,120 $21,793 $21,471
Canada currently emits over 700 Million tonnes of CO2e per year. GPC carbon fee would be $30 / tonne of GHGs held constant for the next three years. The carbon fee is revenue neutral as 100% of the amount collected will be distributed back to Canadians as a dividend payment.
Toxic tax $193 $164 $139 $119 $101
A toxic tax will be introduced that has varying values depending on the toxicity of the substances being emitted. Many of these substances are integral parts of pre-existing industrial processes and their removal outright would be disruptive. The GPC’s toxic tax will provide strong incentives to move away from certain substances in an economically efficient way.
Cancel logging tax credit $19 $11 $11 $11 $11
Currently logging companies are provided with a special logging tax credit that lowers their taxes below those of other corporations. By cancelling the tax credit, logging companies will be treated equally to all other corporations in Canada.
Cancel Corporate mineral exploration tax credit $21 $34 $34 $34 $34
Currently, corporations engaged in mineral exploration can claim an additional 15% off those expenses. The cancellation of this credit would place mining companies on par with all other Canadian corporations in terms of expenses.
Close tax haven loopholes $3,000 $3,000 $3,000 $3,000 $3,000
Canada will tax corporations on their worldwide income just like the US, UK and Japan. Currently a subsidiary of a Canadian corporation can operate in the Bahamas for instance and only pay 2.5% corporate income tax with no additional payments due when that money arrives in Canada. By closing these loopholes, all Canadian companies would be treated the same and would have to pay the Canadian rate (with credit paid in other jurisdictions) even if they operate in tax havens.
Cancel scheduled corporate tax rate reductions $7,400 $7,548 $7,699 $7,853 $8,010
Stop corporate tax rate reduction and roll it back to 19%, the level it was in 2009.
Legalize and tax marijuana $2,000 $4,676 $4,910 $5,155 $5,413
Our Marijuana tax will ramp up to $4.676 Billion in 2016. The first year conservatively envisions $2B in revenue as it will take time to implement the new taxation system. Final revenues assume that Marijuana usage rates and pricing remains comparable to figures before legalization. A 5% increase is projected forward to 2019-20
Total $34,899 $37,885 $37,913 $37,966 $38,040
Spending Increases / Decreases 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20

Climate Money to Consumers

Carbon Dividend $22,266 $22,452 $22,120 $21,793 $21,471
Each Canadian would receive a carbon dividend equivalent to the tax amount for a zero net impact.
Eliminate subsidies on fossil fuels -$1,161 -$1,161 -$1,161 -$1,161 -$1,161
Eliminate accelerated capital cost allowance credits. Specifically eliminate CDE, CEE, & COGPE, ED, RA, ITC.
Increase EcoEnergy home energy retrofit grants by 50% $400 $600 $600 $600 $600
The successful EcoEnergy program supporting retrofits for houses and buildings expired January 1st, 2011. GPC would revive the program and then expand it by 50%.
National solar roof program $180 $180 $180 $180 $180
Based on California program with similar population over 10 years.
Electric Vehicle Rebate Program for Consumers $5 $5 $5 $5 $5
Approximately 5,000 electric cars are sold in Canada per year. Consumers would receive a rebate of $1,000.

National Sustainable Jobs Plan

New Infrastructure Spending $6,400 $6,400 $6,400 $6,400 $6,400
Includes the creation of six municipal super funds for community brownfield reclamation, water and waste treatment facilities, sports, cultural and recreation facilities, mass transit promotion, cycling and pedestrian promotion, and community housing.
Green Technology Commercialization Grant $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Implement a grant program to bring green technology to commercialization.
Electrical grid upgrades $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Improve electrical grids with smart upgrades to equally allow for distribution and collection of energy. These upgrades would also support the capability to store energy with pumped storage or compressed air as well as improving grid fail-safety. The program is a long-term investment lasting 10 years.
Reinvest in national rail systems $600 $700 $720 $742 $764
Re-invest in our national rail systems, building more train cars in Canada, and create green transportation and energy infrastructure corridors in key regions. Improve rail infrastructure and intermodal connections, increasing joint federal-municipal light rail investments, as well as improving VIA rail service nationwide. Work with railway companies to improve rail infrastructure and to restore VIA rail service to all major regional cities.
Energy retrofit for municipal, university, schools and hospitals $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Retrofit MUSH buildings to a high level of efficiency by 2025, using a variety of green tools.
Energy retrofit for low income housing $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Establish a nation-wide program to retrofit all low-income rental housing by 2025, as Germany has done.
Retraining of forestry workers and reforestation $95 $95 $95 $0 $0
Provide funds to retrain forestry workers who may lose jobs to industry restructuring. Put more emphasis on reforestation.

Canadian Sustainable Generations Fund

Free Post-secondary Tuition for Domestic Students $2,000 $2,500 $3,125 $3,906 $4,883
Post-secondary tuition program for domestic students ramping up to free tuition by 2020.
Municipal youth employment program $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Fund local Community & Environment Service Corps Youth teams that will provide employment nation-wide for 40,000 youth (18 -25) for a one year period. This is a three year program for a total employment of 120,000 youth.
Student Debt Relief $1,000 $2,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,000
Phasing in of student debt relief to eliminate individual student debt over $10,000.
Increase post secondary education bursaries $400 $400 $400 $400 $400
Provide additional funding for needs-based scholarships and bursaries so that anyone who qualifies for entrance can enrol without financial encumbrances.

Families and Children

Invest in early childhood education $500 $700 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Several provinces have already taken the initiative to design innovative programs that work for their populations. Quebec has $7-a-day daycare (now on a sliding scale up to $20 a day depending on income). Ontario is moving towards full day kindergarten for 4 and 5 year olds. The Green Party of Canada would invest up to $1 billion a year to support existing and new programs that would be cost shared with the provinces. In addition, the Green Party supports phasing out the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) and allocating the funds to support a substantial increase in the number of regulated affordable child care spaces (the net cost of the UCCB will be approximately $6.7 billion by 2017-2018). Among other things, the Green Party goal is to negotiate with the provinces and territories to ensure that Canada collectively provides regulated child care spaces for 70% of children age 6 or younger with working parents, instead of the mere 22.5% provided now.
Dental coverage for low income youth $1,219 $1,134 $1,055 $981 $913
Free dental coverage for the estimated 700,000 youths in low income families.
Healthy food programs $700 $750 $850 $900 $950
The GPC will phase in funding to create a universal healthy school food program and support a rapid transition to organic agriculture rather than subsidizing costly agro-chemicals, industrial food production and genetically modified crops.


Establish a national affordable housing program $400 $834 $1,267 $1,330 $1,397
Ramp up to building 20,000 new affordable housing units per year; and renew 8,000 units per year to ensure the existing stock. Provide rent supplements or shelter assistance for an additional 40,000 low-income households per year, for ten years. Assumes 5% growth in spending starting in 2018-19.
First Nations education, safe drinking water and improved housing $800 $800 $800 $800 $800
Basic infrastructure on Canada’s First Nations communities is in dire need of renewal. Drinking water and adequate housing are chronic challenges leading to poor health and continued under-development. GPC would direct $800 million a year to this long neglected issue.


Invest in national pharmacare $300 $300 $300 $300 $300
Begin to set up a Universal Pharmacare program, a bulk drug purchasing agency, and make new drug patent protection times shorter. Encourage a successful generic drug market.
Dementia, mental health, and addictions programs $43 $43 $43 $43 $43
Establish program funding to address dementia, mental health, and addictions.

CBC - Radio Canada

Provide stable base-funding for the CBC $285 $315 $315 $315 $315
Restore prior cuts and provide stable base-funding for the CBC so it can continue to provide quality Canadian content television and radio programming in both official languages to all Canadians.

Cuts in Wasteful Government Spending

Cut government advertising -$150 -$150 -$150 -$150 -$150
Cut wasteful government advertising.
Cut the budget of the Prime Minister's Office -$5 -$5 -$5 -$5 -$5
Streamline operations and reduce wasteful spending.

Military and Veterans

Reduce the use of non-military contractors in the Department of National Defence -$810 -$810 -$810 -$810 -$810
Implement spending efficiency recommendations identified by General Andrew Leslie to reduce the expenditure on non-military contractors.
Restore funding to Veteran Affairs $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Restore previously cut funding and re-open Veteran Affairs offices.


Cancel federal support for AECL research -$300 -$300 -$300 -$300 -$300
End subsidies to AECL to promote over-seas reactor sales. Stop financing sales with tax dollars.
Stop federally funded GMO research -$101 -$101 -$101 -$101 -$101
Cut all federal biotech funding to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Natural Resources Canada and 10% of funding (amount going to GMO biotech) from NSERC and NRC.
Restore scientific capacity to the federal government $75 $75 $75 $75 $75
Include $75 million annually to the federal budget to add knowledgeable scientific staff to Environment Canada, Health Canada and Fisheries and Oceans ($25 million each) thereby increasing their competency.
Invest in wild fisheries and rivers $24 $24 $24 $24 $24
Give funding priority to small-scale projects to restore and enhance wild fish stocks, especially with aboriginal peoples and traditional fishing communities using traditional technologies.

Finding Hidden Money

Invest in resources to prosecute white collar crime $180 $180 $180 $180 $180
The GPC will ensure greater resources are available for federal prosecutors and specialized RCMP officers that might form investigatory and legal teams capable of conducting effective and timely prosecutions of white collar criminals.
Total $38,895 $42,010 $42,077 $42,498 $42,723