Colonialism, genocide, intergenerational trauma, intergenerational poverty, and ongoing barriers to education, employment, and health have meant that Indigenous peoples continue to be over-represented in the child welfare system, in prisons, and in homeless shelters. They face disproportionate levels of respiratory illness, mental health struggles, addiction, and malnourishment. Truth, reconciliation, and justice with and for First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples and communities requires direct action to address and eliminate structures of ongoing colonialism.
The Green Party of Canada affirms that all First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities have the right to determine their own membership, govern according to traditional governance structures, hold sovereignty over their traditional territories, practice their cultures and traditions, speak, retain, and reclaim their languages, and fully participate in guiding and directing any and all legal and policy decisions regarding their livelihoods. The Greens further affirm that Indigenous peoples have a right to access sufficient high-quality and culturally appropriate education, healthcare, employment, and other services to achieve a healthy standard of living.
Therefore, in accordance with the recommendations made within the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP), the Green Party of Canada will support First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples in rebuilding, self-defining and self-identifying their own citizenship. We will support Indigenous peoples and follow their lead as they implement their own strategies for rebuilding Indigenous nations and measures to reclaim Indigenous nationhood. We will support measures to promote cultural revitalization and healing processes. We will support Indigenous peoples in building consensus on the basic composition of their Indigenous nation and its political structures and processes undertaken by individual communities and by groups of communities that may share Indigenous nationhood.
Indigenous justice also requires eliminating the vestiges of oppression and colonialism. Greens are committed to end the provisions of the Indian Act. This monumental task requires us to work in full partnership with First Nations.
- Build a new relationship with Indigenous peoples.
- Consult with Indigenous peoples to determine when and where to repeal the Indian Act. In the meantime, we will establish clear guidelines for self-government, allowing Indigenous peoples to set their territory and their governance systems and opt out of the Indian Act.
- As described in the Democracy section, create an inclusive policy and governance body – the Council of Canadian Governments. Indigenous peoples will have a seat at the table as equal partners with colonial government structures – federal, provincial and municipal, to develop shared goals and national policies. Indigenous leadership is critical to the climate goals of Mission: Possible - The Green Climate Action Plan.
- Fully conform to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, implement the calls to action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the calls of the report from the Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women.
- To correct the boil water advisories in First Nations communities, invest in First Nations infrastructure to ensure access to clean drinking water.
- Ensure that all treaty and land claim negotiations respect and honour the inherent sovereignty and title of Indigenous peoples.
- Remove the two percent funding cap on Indigenous post secondary education.